Sunny Articulation and Phonology Test 2017-08-15T06:57:10+00:00
About The Sunny Articulation Phonology Test Kit is a qualitative screening and assessment tool that can be can be used to identify articulation errors and phonological difficulties. Sunny can be used as…
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The Sunny Articulation & Phonology Test Kit
The Sunny Articulation & Phonology Test Kit (SAPT-K) is an individually administered clinical tool for screening, identification, diagnosis, and follow-up evaluation of articulation skills in English speaking individuals. Designed by a certified speech-language pathologist, SAPT-K can be used with individuals of all ages. The SAPT-K is a unique tool that provides qualitative information for both sounds in words and sounds in sentences. The Sunny Articulation & Phonology Test is compatible with the iPad, iPhone, & iPod touch running iOS 5.1 or above.
The SAPT-K provides a narrative report and graphs galore.

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THREE TYPES OF SCREENINGS
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Five Assessment Options
With three different screenings, the SAPT-K aids in obtaining a complete picture of a client’s overall speech sound ability by assessing and analyzing errors according to both articulation and phonology including those hard-to-assess vowels.
The Quick Consonant Screener
Designed to be completed in 4-10 minutes, the Quick Consonant Screener uses 30 words to assess 65 phonemes. This assessment was created specifically to act as a screener to determine if further assessment is needed. The consonant breakdown is as follows: Phonemes 65; Initial 26, Medial 21, Final 18 which include: Fricatives 21, Plosive 18, Nasal 8, Liquids 6, Glides 4, Affricate 3, and Clusters 5. The screener also separates voiced consonants (35) and voiceless consonants (26).
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The Full Screener (with optional vowels)
The full screener will take approximately 10-20 minutes to administer, depending on the individual. With a total of 46 words assessing 103 phonemes, the Full Screener is a thorough articulation assessment. Of the 103 Phonemes assessed, there are 40 initial, 27 medial, and 36 final phonemes. The breakdown of phonemes includes: fricatives 30, plosives 30, nasals 16, liquids 14, glides 1, affricates 4, clusters 8. There are 56 voiced and 39 voiceless phonemes.
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In addition to standard consonants, the SAPT-K allows the professional to expand the assessment and examine vowels in words. By selecting the “include vowels” on the assessment choice page the individual can also assess vowel and diphthong accuracy.
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Recognizing that many individuals are able to produce single words correctly, yet have a breakdown in the coordination of speech sounds in sentences, SAPT-K provides a fourth optional screening. At the end of the Full Screening, the individual is asked if they would like to continue to the optional screening for all phonemes in sentences.
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In the sentence screening portion, the individual is shown a picture scene and given a sentence prompt. At the top of the screen, a button can be toggled to indicate if the individual read the sentence, or repeated the sentence. A simple tap on the phoneme in error marks it as incorrect. To make things even more convenient, the sentence prompt at the top of the screen can be rotated. In this way, the individual marking errors can do so easily.

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The R Screener
In the sentence screening portion, the individual is shown a picture scene and given a sentence prompt. At the top of the screen, a button can be toggled to indicate if the individual read the sentence, or repeated the sentence. A simple tap on the phoneme in error marks it as incorrect. To make things even more convenient, the sentence prompt at the top of the screen can be rotated. In this way, the individual marking errors can do so easily.
The R screener assesses the individual’s production of R in all positions and with all vowels. In addition, the R screener has a separate report and can be used as a stand-alone screener. Errors are marked in the same way as the Full Assessment. This final screening option, provides an opportunity for the professional to mark which R sounds specifically are in error, in which context, and with which vowel. Use in conjunction with the Full Assessment with vowels, this R screener provides a comprehensive view of the individual’s sound-system and articulatory skills.
The R screener assesses 42 targeted /r/ phonemes: 12 blends, 10 prevocalic /r/, 2 “rl” words, and 6 vocalic /r/ sounds in all positions of words (e.g., “airplane, stairs, and mare” complete the “air” vocalic /r/ words).

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How to Use the App
Adding and Editing Users
The SAPT-K was designed with busy clinicians in mind. Adding and editing students is extremely easy. Simply tap on “Add Student” to create a new student profile.

 
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A pop-up window will populate asking you to complete the required information to build a student profile. This includes name, date of birth, gender, and if English is the first language.

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To edit a student’s information, simply tap on the “i” next to their name. A pop-up window will display with the information already populated. Edit as necessary.

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Deleting a Student Profile

It is possible to delete a student profile. Simply tap on the “edit” button next to the student roster. Then tap on the red – sign that populates next to the student’s name. A “delete” button will show on the right of their name.

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Understanding the testing screen
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The SAPT-K offers many features.
The phonetic transcription in the middle of the header indicates which phonemes are being assessed. This can be turned to make it easier for the professional by tapping on the “swap phonetic transcription button.” The HOME button returns the user to the main screen.
The NOTES feature allows the professional to keep assessment notes handy.
The VOICE RECORDER provides an optional way to record utterances for later transcription.
At the bottom of the screen is the grapheme representation for each picture. This option can be turned off in the settings menu.

Documenting errors

 

It is possible to delete a student profile. Simply tap on the “edit” button next to the student roster. Then tap on the red – sign that populates next to the student’s name. A “delete” button will show on the right of their name.
Screening
The black phonemes on each transcribed word are not targeted and therefore are not touch sensitive. The green phonemes are the targeted phonemes in each word and therefore touch sensitive. When the student’s product is not accurate, the speech-language pathologist must tap the phoneme to indicate that the production was not accurate. The SAPT-K will respond to this gesture by transforming the tapped phoneme to red. If the production is accurate, do not tap any phoneme; just proceed to the next screen.

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Full Evaluation
The full assessment option has the same basic concepts of the “screening” option for recording errors. However, in the full assessment, when a phoneme is selected as an error, a pop-up menu displays for the SLP to choose which type of error the client made. Simply select the appropriate option.
The error type is phoneme specific; for instance, gliding will not appear on a phoneme that is not a liquid and fronting will not appear on a phoneme that is not a velar.
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When the professional chooses “substituted” as the error type, a window pops up to select the substituted phoneme. As the pictures below indicate, the professional can mark if the substitution is a consonant or a vowel.
Simply tap on the button to select the specific phoneme the client used in place of the target phoneme. This information will be saved and interpreted by the SAPT-K.
If the production is accurate, do not tap any phoneme; just proceed to the next screen.

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Phonemes in Sentences Option
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The optional sentences screening is recommended only for children five (5) years of age and older. A pop-up window will display when the results tab is tapped at the end of the word screener.
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If the individual taps “yes,” a series of images with sentences will display. Each sentence has letters in black and green. Targeted letters are in green. A tap to a sound in error will result in the green image turning red.
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The R Screener

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The R screening option takes between 5 – 15 minutes to administer and has the same basic concepts as the “full screener” for recording errors. When the phoneme is selected as an error, a pop-up menu will appear for the SLP to choose which type of error the client produced. Select the appropriate option to mark the error.

Intelligibility Ratings

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At the end of every screening option, the professional is asked to provide an estimate of intelligibility in both single words and in conversation. This information is placed in the student profile for future reference.
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Recommendations

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One feature that sets the SAPT-K away from the rest of the articulation tests is the built in recommendations feature. At the end of the testing sessions, the professional has the option of adding recommendations to the report and student profile. To create recommendations, simply tap on the large yellow “add/edit” recommendations button on the student profile page. A pop-up window will display in which the professional can write the recommendations. The recommendation information is placed into the report so that it can be printed or shared.

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Adjusting Settings
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The SAPT-K can be customized to fit most needs. A touch to the settings button brings up the customization menu. The customization menu provides a selection of the following choices:
1) Turning transition audio on/off
2) Select Transition type
3) Select voice recording type
4) Select if the written word is shown at the bottom of the screen
5) Insert the evaluator’s name
6) Show the evaluator’s name on the report
7) Include phoneme acquisition timeline on the report

Transition Type
Transition sounds refer to the sounds that are played when the user advances to the next image during the assessment. The transition sound is optional and can be a tone, an audio phrase, or silent.
Voice Recording Type
The SAPT-K App contains two options for voice recording: Single Audio File: Selecting this option will allow SLPs to record one single voice file throughout the assessment by simply pressing the record/pause button for each desired production. At the end of the assessment, there will be one audio file containing all the recordings.
Per Word: Selecting this option will allow the SLP to record several voice files and save each one individually.
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Written Cues
It is possible to turn off the written target word below each image by turning the “Display written word” button OFF.
Interpreting Results

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The Sunny Articulation Phonology Test presents the results in six different categories:
a. Position in the word
b.Manner of Articulation c. Voicing features
d.Words errors
e. Place of articulation
f. Error type
Once you finish administration of SAPT-K, you will find a screen indicating that the assessment has been completed.

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Raw Score

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The raw score is the number of targeted phonemes minus the number of errors.

Intelligibility Rating
Many times, how well a client is able to be understood changes dramatically from single word and conversational speech. The SAPT-K now includes an intelligibility rating for the SLP to estimate at the end of the assessment. There are two types of intelligibility: Single word and Conversational Speech. The home screen test information box provides both kinds of intelligibility at a glance.

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Type of Assessment
The home screen information also tells which type of screening was completed.

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Preview Results
In order to access the result information, tap on the box associated with the assessment administered and select “Preview Results.”

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Position in the word
The phonemes are analyzed based on position in the word. The overall accuracy under this tab is organized here.

Manner of articulation
The manner of articulation tab, analyzes all the manner of articulation in English. The phonemes are also broken down individually which allows for identification of errors that frequently occur to one phoneme or word location within the same manner of articulation.
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Voicing
Features
Phonemes are analyzed according to their voice under the “voicing” tab.

Words
The words tab provides information regarding the words targeted on the assessment as well as the errors produced by the student. The phonemes are color coded to indicate whether a phoneme was produced correctly or not. Black phonemes were not targeted. Green phonemes indicate that the phoneme was targeted and the student produced it correctly. Red phonemes indicate errors. Following the red phonemes is the error type as selected by the SLP.
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Place of Articulation
The Sunny Articulation Phonology Test – Kit provides automatic analysis of the errors marked by the SLP. A second Place of Articulation graph is available for errors in sentences in the “sentences” tab and discussed in the “Sentences Subtest” section.

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Total
percentage of error
The total percentage of error is the percentage of phonemes marked as misarticulated.
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Sentences
An analysis of the errors in sentences is provided under the sentences tab. This analysis includes a breakdown of the sentences with the errors marked, as well as a percentage of accuracy by both the position and manner of the phoneme.
The app also provides a graph displaying the errors by place of articulation.

The app also provides a graph displaying the errors by place of articulation.

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Sharing Results
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A pop-up screen will display with options for reviewing notes, sharing results by e-mail, exporting the results to the Therapy Report Center, or opening in another app of your choice (e.g., dropbox, PDF viewer).
Users can e-mail the results to themselves in order to save for their records and keep a backup of the student’s assessment, or to send to the parents. The e-mail is set up as a simple report and can be edited text or a PDF.
Speech-Language Pathologists can e-mail the results of the assessment immediately after the assessment. To email the results information, tap on the “share” button from anywhere on the Results screen.

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The Report
The SAPT-K report is comprehensive and broken down by area similar to the results preview.
A detailed analysis and interpretation of the results is included in both a narrative form, and in table form.
A similar but separate results report is available for the R screener.

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Reviewing notes
Speech-Language Pathologists can review the notes taken during the assessment by clicking on the “share” button and the review notes button.

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Editing notes
Speech-Language pathologists can edit notes after the assessment is completed by tapping on the “edit notes” button from the home screen.

Preview Recordings
If you recorded the voice of the client during the assessment, it is possible to access those recordings by accessing the “Preview recordings” button.
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Video Tutorial
Features
The SAPT-K has the following features.
a) Ability to enter students’ information and track their progress over time;
b) Tests all phonemes in the English language including clusters, vowels, and vocalic /r/;
c) Five testing options: screening, full assessment, full assessment with vowels, full assessment with sentences, and /r/screener.
d) Ability to record student’s production, review them live and months after the administration;
e) Administrator’s phonetic display of targets can be rotated to work across from client or beside client;
f) Ability to e-mail voice recording files;
g) E-mail test results immediately after its administration;
h) Export test results to the Therapy Report Center for central data storage
i) Automatic analyses of phonemes based on :
a. Position in the word
b. Distinctive Features (manner, place, and voicing )
c. Words
d. Error Type
e. Vowels
f. Sentences
j) Add notes throughout the assessment
k) Editing test, notes, etc. after test is completed
Reviews

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“The ability to generate a full report is definitely one of the coolest features of this app, because its not just incredibly time saving but also very detailed.” Tatyana Elleseff, SLP
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“The ability to generate a full report is definitely one of the coolest features of this app, because its not just incredibly time saving but also very detailed.” Tatyana Elleseff, SLP
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“This app was a first of its kind!! It is such a wonderful tool and is a must for every SLP working with children or adults!! This app is designed to provide an immediate detailed picture of the child’s articulation skills. It goes beyond standard assessments by really dissecting the errors by manner, phoneme, position of the word, place, voicing, and error type (substitution, deletion, distortion, phonological processes). This is invaluable because it can assist the SLP in picking up on patterns in the child’s speech. This more detailed information in crucial for developing an individualized intervention plan.” http://pandaspeech.blogspot.com
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“Oh! My! Gosh! This app is incredible! Talk about a comprehensive way to analyze a student’s articulation skills! I love that, in the full evaluation mode, you can qualify incorrect responses. This is a huge plus in relation to other articulation screening apps that I have tried. The app isn’t standardized, which means I can administer to students to determine targets, monitor progress, and collect data for progress reports without obtaining consent to test (a requirement in my district for administration of standardized testing). This app is a great alternative and definitely a bargain in comparison to the traditional articulation and phonology tests!” http://carriesspeechcorner.blogspot.com/

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