Preposition Remix

About Preposition Remix Preposition Remix was created­­ specifically to help children improve their mastery of spoken language. Designed by a certified speech-language pathologist, Preposition Remix contains hundreds of carefully selected
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About Preposition Remix
remix-app-iconPreposition Remix was created­­ specifically to help children improve their mastery of spoken language. Designed by a certified speech-language pathologist, Preposition Remix contains hundreds of carefully selected high-quality images. Perfect for working on the skills needed to understand the relationship between nouns/pronouns and other words, Preposition Remix will help children and English language learners gain the skills needed to follow directions and create grammatically correct sentences.

How to Use
Preposition Remix is designed for single-player use. From the home page the adult has the choice of selecting Support, Report Cards, Play, or Settings. Tap Support to watch the video tutorial, contact the developers, and back-up to iTunes. Tap report to see the data gathered for each client. Tap on settings to customize how the app works. A simple tap on the Practice button will bring the adult the list of clients and allow the activities to begin. Once the client is selected, images are displayed on the screen.

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An audio prompt tells the client what to do. If the written prompt is turned on, it will also display at the bottom of the screen. A “play” arrow in the upper left corner allows the user to replay the audio prompt. Images are displayed on the screen, one of which will be in the target position. The user then selects the item in the correct location. The app will automatically move to the next target. A tap on the “done” button concludes the session and moves the program to the reports area.

Adding a student
Creating players on Preposition remix is fast and straightforward. Select “add player” on the top left. Type in a student name in the “enter name” box; then tap on the “add picture” area to select either a photo (from your photo library), an avatar (from over 100 built in fun character illustrations), or nothing as visual representation, of the student. Press “done” to save the player.

 

Alternatively, if you are using the free app “Therapy Report Center” aka TRC you can import players by selecting the “import from TRC” button in the bottom right. TRC is a great time saving tool as if you enter the players in that app you are able to export them to almost all smarty ears apps.
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Deleting or editing a player

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To delete or edit a player either double tap on the player’s photo OR touch the green silhouette in the top right corner of the student’s photo; this will bring up a popup menu with the student’s info. If you want to delete the student press the “delete” in the bottom right corner of the popup menu.

Customization
Preposition Remix has a “settings” button on the home screen. The settings button allows the user to select specific target prepositions or turn on all prepositions. Within the settings button there are also options to turn on and off written cues, repeat questions, and change the action for incorrect answers. Finally, within the settings area the adult can turn on/off the random question feature. When “random” is off the app moves through all 10 trials for each target preposition, which is ideal for teaching the targeted prepositions. When “random” is turned on, each selected preposition displays randomly which is ideal for formative assessment.
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Settings

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Preposition remix is very versatile in giving teachers, parents, and speech pathologists freedom to tailor the activity for the student they are working with. Although by default, all 20 prepositions are selected, the educator can deselect individual prepositions so that the targets can be as isolated as only working on one preposition, or as broad as all 20 prepositions. Additionally, the educator can choose whether the player is provided with “written cues”, if the items are presented in order or if they are “random”, and if the question is “repeated” as these options offer different scaffolding techniques to meet different students’ needs.

The “reinforcement audio” gives the option of “tone” which gives just a small positive mechanical sound to indicate a correct answer or “voice feedback” which both congratulates and gives a detailed reinforcement of what the player did correctly.

Finally, the “when wrong” options:

The “keep going” allows the game to be presented like a screener or test where the student can only attempt the answer once.

The “no response” gives the player multiple attempts at answering correctly, but without any audio recognition if they did it incorrectly. this is a useful option for students who are overstimulated easily, or do not respond well to negative feedback.

The “buzz” option gives the students multiple attempts and provides a buzzing sound to let the student know know that they need to try again. This gives a nice “game show” effect for students who are motivated by sound effects.

Video tutorial
Starting a game
After creating at least one player, select a player for starting a game by tapping on the player’s picture. The picture will have a blue outline to indicate which player was selected. After selecting the player, press “GO” in the bottom right corner. The game will begin.
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Gameplay
The player is given verbal and written instructions along with a clever photo so that they can to practice a preposition. It is important for the student to follow the instructions precisely in order to indicate a mastery of the skill. In the example below it is not enough to touch the rabbit in the bottom picture, the student needs to touch the actual turtle as the instructions indicate to “touch the turtle in front of the rabbit”.

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After getting the correct answer a visual/audio reinforcement congratulates the player. The game will not move on until you press “next” in the bottom right. This gives an adult time to have a “teaching moment” with the student to discuss their selections.

You can revisit the previous item by pressing the “back” button in the bottom left, making it simple to reteach or review a previous preposition with a student.

 

You can exit the game at any time by selecting “done” in the bottom right.
Results
A player’s results display automatically after ending a session. You can also review these results at any time by selecting the “report cards” from the main menu. The results always display with the most recent session on top to the oldest session on the bottom. The session data includes the overall accuracy, which prepositions were worked on, the accuracy of the individual prepositions worked on, and whether the student had access to written cues and repeating the question.
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The data can be shared by selecting “share” in the top right corner. This will allow for the data to be directly printed from an air-ready printer, emailed, or opened as a PDF in applications like iBooks, or Dropbox. Additionally, individual session data can be deleted by selecting the red trash can icon to the right of each session.

 

Results can quickly be synced to “therapy report center” (a great free app for building progress reports) by selecting “sync results to TRC in the bottom right corner. This will match up all of the data from students who were imported from TRC with their results, making it easy to create a progress report by accumulating the data used from all of your Smarty Ears apps.

 

Data Collection

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When the session is complete, a simple touch to the home button brings the app to the reports area. A touch to the client’s avatar and name brings up the data for that session. The data includes: date of practice, activity, number of attempted targets, and percent accuracy. Tap on the Share button to email Preposition Remix’s data collection reports. Data reports can also be exported to the Therapy Report Center for easy progress monitoring and report writing.

Purpose
Preposition Remix was designed to assist in language therapy by utilizing technology to present prepositions in a fun and interactive way. Created specifically to help individuals improve their mastery of spoken language; Preposition Remix is ideal for those individuals who struggle with following directions and correct sentence structure, as well as for English Language Learners. In addition, professionals working with individuals with intellectual disabilities may find the fun and interactive pictures a great option for those students who require explicit instruction for language skills1.
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Response to Intervention
The easy data collection provided by Preposition Remix encourages use with RTI. The student data collected each therapy session is saved in chronological order allowing for ease of progress monitoring. The busy SLP or educator can see at a glance the prepositions targeted and overall accuracy. In addition, the app allows data to be exported to the Therapy Report Center for easy report writing and integration with other speech-language goals.
Common Core State Standards
The majority of states have moved to Common Core State Standards (CCSS) in the education setting. Knowledge and use of frequently occurring prepositions is expected to begin before Kindergarten and be mastered by the end of first grade2,3. Preposition Remix is a creative and engaging tool created to assist students in meeting the CCSS for English Language Arts Standards for Literacy in Kindergarten and First grade.

Features
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User Reviews

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iTunes Review
“I am an SLP in a school, and I really like Preposition Remix as I am always looking for more ways to teach prepositions and following directions. This app is good for kids that need to learn to follow simple directions or work on basic spatial I like the option to choose only specific prepositions that you want to work on. This app also keeps data for you and gives you an accuracy percentage at the end of the session which is great. I also like that you have to touch the specific object for the answer to be correct.”

iTunes Review
“I purchased this app for a 5 year old boy with Autism and we love it. This app has been a great help in teaching him the concepts of near, far, “in front of” and “in the middle”. I also like that you can customize it to what you want to work on.” iTunes Review
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iTunes Review
“I’m a speech therapist and LOVE using this app with my students at school!! They love it and I can really see what they know and don’t know. It helps them learn the concepts at a quicker rate of success! Thanks Smarty Ears!”

Sources
1Hicks, S.; Bethune, K., Wood, C., Cooke, N., & Mims, P. (2011), Effects of direct instruction on the acquisition of prepositions by students with intellectual disabilities. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis; 44 (3): 675-679.

 

2English Language Arts Standards » Language » Kindergarten. (2012) Common Core State Standards Initiative. N.p., Retrieved from: http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/L/K/1/e

 

3English Language Arts Standards » 1 » I. (2012) Common Core State Standards Initiative. N.p., Retrieved from: http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/L/1/1/i
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