Pronoun Heroes is an engaging way to teach inspiring superheroes the use of pronouns. Created by certified speech-language pathologists and developed by Smarty Ears Apps, Pronoun Heroes teaches and reinforces the use of pronouns in multiple ways. The comic superhero theme is sure to delight players of all ages, while the skills targeted and the data compilation delights the busy SLP.
A multi-level, multi-player app, Pronoun Heroes consists of four (4) activities to teach and reinforce pronoun usage. Pronoun Heroes targets multiple types of pronouns (e.g., personal subjective, personal objective, demonstrative, possessives, and reflexive) and includes 19 different pronouns. Two of the four activities allow the adult to customize targeted pronouns to tailor the therapy session specifically for the clientele.
How to Use
When playing Pronoun Heroes, the active player is shown at the top of the screen. If there are multiple players, the active player changes with each screen change. Along with the avatar picture, a row of icons will be displayed as a visual representation of that player’s correct answers. When the activity is completed, a tap on the “done” button, brings the app back to the activity page.
There are four different areas in Pronoun Heroes.
- Where is the Pronoun:
In this section, the user can select either words or phrases. In words, the user is shown four superheroes each holding a sign. The player chooses the sign with the pronoun. In the phrases activity, the user is given a segmented sentence and asked to tap on the word that is the pronoun.
- Which one is not a Pronoun?
In this section, the user is shown the four superheroes each holding a sign. The player is to choose the sign that does NOT have a pronoun. This allows the individual to have discussions on negation and other language elements.
- Find the Picture
In this customizable section, the user is shown a pronoun and two pictures. The player is to tap on the picture that best depicts the pronoun. This section is customizable by tapping on the settings button to choose the pronouns to target. Customizing allows the individual to tailor the lesson by selecting one or more than one app to be worked on during that session.
- Let’s use Pronouns!
In this customizable section, the user is shown a picture of a real-life event and given a sentence. One of the words in the sentence is missing, and the player must drag-and-drop the correct pronoun into the space.
Pronoun Heroes allows individuals to select one, or more than one, pronoun to be targeted in two of its four activities. By tailoring the targeted pronouns, the app can easily move between teaching individual pronouns to progress monitoring overall learning.
Response to Intervention
Pronoun usage is an early language skill. The majority of pronouns are typically learned before a child is 5 years old1,2. However, some students may have pronoun errors despite early exposure. Because Pronoun Heroes is a multi-player, multi-level app it is easily used in Response to Intervention (RTI). The data collection that occurs for each player allows individual progress monitoring to occur. Exporting into and out of the Therapy Report Center ensures progress monitoring is maintained easily.
Common Core State Standards
Correct pronoun usage is a requirement of the Common Core State Standards required in most states. By grade 1, students are expected to know and use personal, possessive, and indefinite pronouns (CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.L.1.1.D)3. By grade two, students are expected to be able to use reflexive pronouns (CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.L.2.1.C)4. By grade three, students are to be able to ensure subject-verb and pronoun-antecedent agreement, as well as know and use possessive pronouns (CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.L.3.1.F and CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.L.3.2.D) 5. Pronoun Heroes is a great way to address those Common Core State Standards.
Pronoun Heroes includes the following features:
- Single or Multi-player platform
- High-quality photos showing real-life scenes for easy carryover of skills
- Fun comic book superhero theme to ensure engagement
- Ability to use the app for screening or teaching
- Data Collection over time for each student
- Compatibility with Therapy Report Center for easy report writing and progress monitoring
1Owens, R.E, Jr. (2011) Development of Pronouns. http://www.education.com/reference/article/development-pronouns-children/
2Handbook of Language and Literacy Development: A roadmap from 0 to 60 months. (2009)
Canadian Language & Literacy Research Network, retrieved from http://www.theroadmap.ualberta.ca/understandings/research/37-60
3,4,5Common Core State Standards Initiative (2014) http://www.corestandards.org
Authors: Barbara Fernandes, MS, CCC-SLP; Mary E Huston, MS, CCC-SLP
Developer: Smarty Ears Apps